AMX/3 DESIGN EVOLUTION
April 11th 1968 photos of the first AMX model created under the AMXK-AMX/3 project
The first 3 photos are the "AMX" or AMX I from April '68. The next 2 are the AMX Karmman mockup, note the round tailights. These are both versions of the original, first mockup. Note the side window back glass shape is different on this first model compared to later models below.
Under the AMX/K project, the AMX/2 "teaser" program was created
Introduced and shown at the February 1969 Chicago Auto Show
The second model in the program known as the AMX/K evolved from the "AMX" Karmann
August 1969 final photos of the AMX/K. Note the 3-slot taillights and rear fascia similar to Car #1. This is the second model evolution of the three mockups built during the project. Note the more familiar rear side window design. The last photo is interesting: appears to have DOT side markers and Magnum 500 wheels.
The third model is developed and evolves in fiberglass later becoming the famous mockup "pushmobile"
The project's clay model is splashed to produce a mold and fiberglass models were made, one of which was sent to Diomante in Italy to produce the steel body cars. The third fiberglass mockup appears to be from the evolved and modified clay model devoloped separately from the first four steel body cars. The last three cars design development come from this third model and design changes.
After the initial prototype #1, the first group of metal bodied AMX/3 cars includes #2, #3 and #5.
The bodies were formed from a wooden jig based on a fiberglass model splashed from the original clay design. June 1969 Car #1, the first steel bodied prototype was sent to BMW.
Car #2, the second prototype followed in 1969. December 5 final BMW testing reports on the improved torsional rigidity thanks to development by the design team.
AMX/3 fiberglass mockup, the 1970 pushmobile
While the steel body cars were being developed in Italy, AMC continued design modifications on the third fiberglass mockup pushmobile independently of the Italian steel bodywork. The result was the February 1970 Chicago Auto Show display. Note the similarities the second group of steel cars #4 and especially #6 and #7. Note how AMC continued developing the pushmobile adding DOT side marker lights and the air inlet at the rear quarter window.
The first steel body running press release Car #3 is imported to the U.S.
March '70 Car #3 and perhaps May '70 or later in '71, Car #5 were the only one or two finished and imported to AMC in the U.S. during the AMC funded project. The round tail lights reappeard on Car #5 but Teague removed them. These cars are the "early" steel bodies. It is possible Car #5 was not imported until '71-'72, more info to come...
The design evolutions continues
June 1970 the design changes continue at the AMC Design Center in Detroit. Note the design work to "conceal" the wipers was done by AMC. It has been suggested and reported that the later cars are different, therefore not "real" AMX/3 cars but these design photos and continued rear body design on the fiberglass pushmobile prove the later cars were finished exactly as designed and intended by AMC appearing on Cars #4, #6 and #7.
The body design modifications are introduced in Car #4
July 1970 the project funding is canceled by AMC but AMC offers Bizzarrini to continue the project self funded with parts and commitment from AMC for 10 AMX/3 cars with Bizzarrini marketing 20 Sciabola cars. Bizzarrini declines, but not until after he and Diomante finish Car #4 with all the AMC design modifications, then presented at the October 1970 Turin Auto Show. Car #4 is the first of the "later" styled steel bodies.
The final modifications by AMC are introduced
Car #6 and later #7 are finished using the AMC design modifications. This is the car that would have been available to the public if the project continued to market in late 1970 / early 1971. Car #6 was again shown at the 1976 Turin Auto Show funded by OTO Melara to sell transaxles. In addition to the new rear body shape and raised cowl on #4; #6 receives the lower front hood scoop elimination and the pop-up rear spoiler elimination per AMC design changes present on the final mockup pushmobile AMX/3.
* All photos borrowed from the internet.